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IPCC Workshop on Sea Level Rise and Ice Sheet Instabilities

https://www.arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature275990
Source
Workshop report, IPCC meeting held June 21-24, 2010, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Date
Oct-2010
  1 website  
Author
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Source
Workshop report, IPCC meeting held June 21-24, 2010, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Date
Oct-2010
Language
English
Geographic Location
Greenland
Publication Type
Conference/Meeting Material
Keywords
Antarctica
Glaciers
Greenland
Ice caps
Ice sheets
Observations
Projections
Sea level
Abstract
Sea level rise is one of the major long-term consequences of human-induced climate change. Future projections of sea level changes and their regional expression are of crucial importance for the sustainability of coastal settlements around the world. The Fourth Assessment Report of IPCC (AR4) had comprehensively assessed key processes contributing to past, present and future sea level changes. However, process understanding was limited and thus both size and uncertainties associated with some of these contributions remained still largely unknown. This also hampered the overall projections of global mean sea level rise in AR4. The future dynamical behaviour of the large polar ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland in a changing climate was identified as the primary origin of the large uncertainty in the AR4 projections of sea level rise for the 21st century. IPCC Working Group I (WGI) has acknowledged the relevance of this specific topic and thus (1) proposed a chapter on 'Sea Level Change' in its contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) and (2) organized a targeted IPCC Workshop on 'Sea Level Rise and Ice Sheet Instabilities' very early in the assessment cycle for the IPCC's AR5. This Workshop took place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, from 21 to 24 June, 2010. The Workshop brought together experts from very diverse disciplines with a wide range of expertise, covering oceanography, ice sheet dynamics, glacier research and hydrology to discuss latest results from both observations and modelling relevant for sea level change. The workshop structure included a combination of plenary sessions with invited keynote presentations, group discussions, poster sessions and, finally, topical breakout groups. This Workshop Report contains a concise summary of the overall discussions and conclusions of the Workshop as well as summaries of the discussions in the breakout groups. It further includes the extended abstracts of the keynote presentations and poster abstracts presented during the Workshop.
Online Resources
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Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Aug 10;171(33):2331
Publication Type
Article
Date
Aug-10-2009
Author
Bønløkke Jakob Hjort
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Aug 10;171(33):2331
Date
Aug-10-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Denmark
Humans
Societies, Medical
World Health
PubMed ID
19739323 View in PubMed
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Source
Science. 2003 Jan 10;299(5604):215-6
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-10-2003
Author
Shindell Drew
Author Affiliation
NASA-Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, NY 10025, USA. dshindell@giss.nasa.gov
Source
Science. 2003 Jan 10;299(5604):215-6
Date
Jan-10-2003
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
PubMed ID
12522240 View in PubMed
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Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
University of Oregon
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
One Health
Northern communities
Witnesses to Change
Indians
North American
Climate change
Alaska Natives
Climate
Abstract
This is a collaborative project between the University of Oregon Environmental Studies Program and the USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station. The project aims to understand the needs, lessons learned, and opportunities American Indians and Alaska Natives have in planning for the physical effects of climate change. This information will be used to inform resource management decision-making in the context of climate change.
Online Resources
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Nurs Ethics. 2006 Nov;13(6):571-2
Publication Type
Article
Date
Nov-2006
Author
Geoffrey Hunt
Source
Nurs Ethics. 2006 Nov;13(6):571-2
Date
Nov-2006
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Greenhouse Effect
Health planning
Humans
Public Health
World Health
PubMed ID
17193799 View in PubMed
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Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3194-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Lidegaard Øjvind
Author Affiliation
Rigshospitalet, Gynaekologisk Klinik, og Københavns Universitet, København Ø, Denmark. Lidegaard@rg.regionh.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3194-7
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
Health promotion
Humans
Life Style
World Health
Abstract
The majority of physicians are aware of the urgency of preventing major global warming, and of the global health consequences such warming could bring. Therefore, we should perhaps be more motivated to mitigate these climate changes. The Danish Medical Association should stress the importance of preventing major global climate health disasters, and the need for ambitious international reduction agreements. In our advice and treatment of patients, focus could be on mutually shared strategies comprising mitigation of global warming and changing of life-style habits to improve our general health.
PubMed ID
19857401 View in PubMed
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Source
Nature. 2008 Apr 17;452(7189):798-802
Publication Type
Article
Date
Apr-17-2008
Author
Witze Alexandra
Source
Nature. 2008 Apr 17;452(7189):798-802
Date
Apr-17-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Geography
Greenhouse Effect
Greenland
Ice Cover
Phase Transition
Seasons
Spacecraft
Uncertainty
Water Movements
PubMed ID
18431825 View in PubMed
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Source
Curr Biol. 2007 Jun 19;17(12):R435-36
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-19-2007
Author
Williams Nigel
Source
Curr Biol. 2007 Jun 19;17(12):R435-36
Date
Jun-19-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antarctic Regions
Arctic Regions
Canada
Ecosystem
Greenhouse Effect
Greenland
Humans
Ice Cover
Seasons
Travel
PubMed ID
17647302 View in PubMed
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Publication Type
Bibliography/Resource List
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
U.S. National Library of Medicine
Language
English
Spanish
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Bibliography/Resource List
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
One Health
Northern communities
Public Health
Climate change
Cold Temperature
Floods
Hot Temperature
Asthma
Mental health
Weather
Climate
Air Pollution
Abstract
Informative materials from The National Library of Medicine.
Online Resources
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Publication Type
Website
  1 website  
Author Affiliation
Northern Arizona University
Language
English
Geographic Location
U.S.
Publication Type
Website
Digital File Format
Web site (.html, .htm)
Keywords
One Health
Northern communities
Vulnerability & Adaptation
Climate change
Environment
Indians
North American
Abstract
Videos and other formats illustrate the importance of traditional knowledge in the study of climate change and its impacts.
Online Resources
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Source
Lancet. 1994 Jan 29;343(8892):304
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jan-29-1994
Author
J. Last
Source
Lancet. 1994 Jan 29;343(8892):304
Date
Jan-29-1994
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Canada
Environmental health
Health Priorities
Humans
Patient care team
Research
World Health
PubMed ID
7905135 View in PubMed
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Source
Conserv Biol. 2010 Feb;24(1):10-7
Publication Type
Article
Date
Feb-2010
Author
Mark C Serreze
Author Affiliation
Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs, CO 80907, USA. serreze@kryos.colorado.edu
Source
Conserv Biol. 2010 Feb;24(1):10-7
Date
Feb-2010
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate change
Greenhouse Effect
Abstract
The Earth's atmosphere has a natural greenhouse effect, without which the global mean surface temperature would be about 33 degrees C lower and life would not be possible. Human activities have increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and other gases in trace amounts. This has enhanced the greenhouse effect, resulting in surface warming. Were it not for the partly offsetting effects of increased aerosol concentrations, the increase in global mean surface temperature over the past 100 years would be larger than observed. Continued surface warming through the 21st century is inevitable and will likely have widespread ecological impacts. The magnitude and rate of warming for the global average will be largely dictated by the strength and direction of climate feedbacks, thermal inertia of the oceans, the rate of greenhouse gas emissions, and aerosol concentrations. Because of regional expressions of climate feedbacks, changes in atmospheric circulation, and a suite of other factors, the magnitude and rate of warming and changes in other key climate elements, such as precipitation, will not be uniform across the planet. For example, due to loss of its floating sea-ice cover, the Arctic will warm the most.
PubMed ID
20121837 View in PubMed
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[Infectious diseases and climate change]

https://www.arctichealth.org/en/permalink/ahliterature95348
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3178-81
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Valentiner-Branth Palle
Glismann Steffen Offersen
Mølbak Kåre
Author Affiliation
Statens Serum Institut, Epidemiologisk Afdeling, DK-2300 København S, Denmark.
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3178-81
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Animals
Bacterial Infections - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Climate
Communicable disease control
Denmark - epidemiology
Disease Vectors
Europe - epidemiology
Food Microbiology
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Insect Vectors
Risk factors
Rodentia
Virus Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control - transmission
Water Microbiology
Abstract
Climate changes will likely have an impact on the spectrum of infectious diseases in Europe. We may see an increase in vector-borne diseases, diseases spread by rodents such as Hantavirus, and food- and water-borne diseases. As the effects of climate changes are likely to occur gradually, a modern industrialised country such as Denmark will have the opportunity to adapt to the expected changes.
PubMed ID
19857396 View in PubMed
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Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3168-71
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Loft Steffen
Author Affiliation
Institut for Folkesundhedsvidenskab, Afdeling for Miljø og Sundhed, Det Sundhedsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Københavns Universitet, Øster Farimagsgade 5, DK-1014 København K, Denmark. s.loft@pubhealth.ku.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3168-71
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Air Pollution - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Air Pollution, Indoor - adverse effects - analysis - prevention & control
Animals
Cattle
Climate
Greenhouse Effect
Health
Humans
Methane - analysis
Ozone - analysis
Particulate Matter - analysis
Pollen
Risk factors
World Health
Abstract
Air quality, health and climate change are closely connected. Ozone depends on temperature and the greenhouse gas methane from cattle and biomass. Pollen presence depends on temperature and CO2. The effect of climate change on particulate air pollution is complex, but the likely net effect is greater health risks. Reduction of greenhouse-gas emissions by reduced livestock production and use of combustion for energy production, transport and heating will also improve air quality. Energy savings in buildings and use of CO2 neutral fuels should not deteriorate indoor and outdoor air quality.
PubMed ID
19857393 View in PubMed
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Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3165-8
Publication Type
Article
Date
Oct-26-2009
Author
Kaas Eigil
Author Affiliation
Niels Bohr Instituttet, Københavns Universitet, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 København �, Denmark. kaas@gfy.ku.dk
Source
Ugeskr Laeger. 2009 Oct 26;171(44):3165-8
Date
Oct-26-2009
Language
Danish
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Forecasting
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
Abstract
This article provides a brief overview over some of the main findings in the most recent IPCC WG I report and in articles published after the report. It is argued that the conclusions in the report on observed climate variations and trends during the last 100 years have been largely confirmed or even reinforced by the most recent studies. Concerning future climate change, new analyses of possible changes in sea-level, which take melting land ice into account, indicate that the global sea level may rise as much as one meter within the present century.
PubMed ID
19857392 View in PubMed
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Source
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 11;105(10):3811-4
Publication Type
Article
Date
Mar-11-2008
Author
Kauserud Håvard
Stige Leif Christian
Vik Jon Olav
Okland Rune H
Høiland Klaus
Stenseth Nils Chr
Author Affiliation
Microbial Evolution Research Group and Centre for Ecological and Evolutionary Synthesis, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1066 Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway.
Source
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Mar 11;105(10):3811-4
Date
Mar-11-2008
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Agaricales - physiology
Climate
Fruiting Bodies, Fungal - physiology
Geography
Norway
Seasons
Time Factors
Abstract
Many species of fungi produce ephemeral autumnal fruiting bodies to spread and multiply. Despite their attraction for mushroom pickers and their economic importance, little is known about the phenology of fruiting bodies. Using approximately 34,500 dated herbarium records we analyzed changes in the autumnal fruiting date of mushrooms in Norway over the period 1940-2006. We show that the time of fruiting has changed considerably over this time period, with an average delay in fruiting since 1980 of 12.9 days. The changes differ strongly between species and groups of species. Early-fruiting species have experienced a stronger delay than late fruiters, resulting in a more compressed fruiting season. There is also a geographic trend of earlier fruiting in the northern and more continental parts of Norway than in more southern and oceanic parts. Incorporating monthly precipitation and temperature variables into the analyses provides indications that increasing temperatures during autumn and winter months bring about significant delay of fruiting both in the same year and in the subsequent year. The recent changes in autumnal mushroom phenology coincide with the extension of the growing season caused by global climate change and are likely to continue under the current climate change scenario.
PubMed ID
18310325 View in PubMed
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Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Dec;14(6):726-9
Publication Type
Article
Date
Dec-2007
Author
Faergeman Ole
Author Affiliation
Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark. ferryman@mail.tele.dk
Source
Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2007 Dec;14(6):726-9
Date
Dec-2007
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology - prevention & control
Climate
Ecology - methods
Humans
Morbidity - trends
Preventive Medicine - methods
Public Health
World Health
Abstract
Thermal stress, food poisoning, infectious diseases, malnutrition, psychiatric illness as well as injury and death from floods, storms and fire are all likely to become more common as the earth warms and the climate becomes more variable. In contrast, obesity, type II diabetes and coronary artery disease do not result from climate change, but they do share causes with climate change. Burning fossil fuels, for example, is the major source of greenhouse gases, but it also makes pervasive physical inactivity possible. Similarly, modern agriculture's enormous production of livestock contributes substantially to greenhouse gas emissions, and it is the source of many of our most energy-rich foods. Physicians and societies of medical professionals have a particular responsibility, therefore, to contribute to the public discourse about climate change and what to do about it.
Notes
ReprintIn: Ugeskr Laeger. 2008 Aug 25;170(35):2667-818761852
PubMed ID
18043291 View in PubMed
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Source
Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2004;115:305-17
Publication Type
Article
Date
2004
Author
Alley Richard B
Author Affiliation
Department of Geosciences and EMS Environment Institute, Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania 16802, USA. ralleyo@essc.psu.edu
Source
Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 2004;115:305-17
Date
2004
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Climate
Ecosystem
Greenhouse Effect
Humans
International Agencies
Models, Biological
Time Factors
Abstract
Records of past climates contained in ice cores, ocean sediments, and other archives show that large, abrupt, widespread climate changes have occurred repeatedly in the past. These changes were especially prominent during the cooling into and warming out of the last ice age, but persisted into the modern warm interval. Changes have especially affected water availability in warm regions and temperature in cold regions, but have affected almost all climatic variables across much or all of the Earth. Impacts of climate changes are smaller if the changes are slower or more-expected. The rapidity of abrupt climate changes, together with the difficulty of predicting such changes, means that impacts on the health of humans, economies and ecosystems will be larger if abrupt climate changes occur. Most projections of future climate include only gradual changes, whereas paleoclimatic data plus models indicate that abrupt changes remain possible; thus, policy is being made based on a view of the future that may be optimistic.
PubMed ID
17060975 View in PubMed
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Source
J R Soc Promot Health. 2002 Jun;122(2):134
Publication Type
Article
Date
Jun-2002
Author
Fryer Frederick
Source
J R Soc Promot Health. 2002 Jun;122(2):134
Date
Jun-2002
Language
English
Publication Type
Article
Keywords
Antarctic Regions
Arctic Regions
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Greenhouse Effect
Ice
PubMed ID
12134766 View in PubMed
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2084 records – page 1 of 105.